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Psoriasis is a medical condition that occurs when skin cells grow too quickly and the immune system cause new skin cells to form in days rather than weeks. The body does not shed these excess skin cells, so the cells pile up on the surface of the skin and lesions form. There is no cure, but treatment with various creams or ointments can often clear, or reduce, patches of psoriasis. Powerful medication or special light therapies are treatment options for severe cases.

  • Every 2 in 100 people are affected by psoriasis
  • In the United States, nearly 7.5 million people have psoriasis and about 150,000 new cases are diagnosed each year.
  • It has a tendency to run in families.
  • Psoriasis can begin at any age, from infancy through the golden years.
  • Most people first see psoriasis between 15 and 30 years of age.
  • About 75% develop psoriasis before they turn 40. Another common time for psoriasis to begin is between 50 and 60 years of age.
  • Causes are unknown
  • People with psoriasis have a faster turnover of skin cells. It is not clear why this occurs.
  • More skin cells are made to a build-up of cells on the top layer
  • Flaky plaques' on the skin, or severe dandruff of the scalp
  • Slight change of the blood supply of the skin
  • Skin inflammation occurs
  • Red skin patch of psoriasis is noticed
Aggravates due to
  • No apparent reason
  • Stress can aggravate psoriasis. However, some people feel that stress does contribute on some occasions.
  • Due to Infections it may aggravate
  • Certain medicines like beta-blockers (propranolol, atenolol etc), chloroquine, lithium, anti-inflammatory pain killers (ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, etc), and alcohol sometimes amy flare-up psoriasis
Different types of psoriasis:
  • Plaque psoriasis : It is the most common form of psoriasis and is made up of patches on the skin called plaques. Each plaque is red and with rough flaky white scales. The most common areas affected are the front of the elbows and knees, the scalp, and the lower back. However, plaques may appear anywhere on the skin, but they are uncommon on the face.
  • Nail psoriasis : This type of psoriasis is found among half the people suffering with plaque psoriasis. Without the skin rash also it may occur and may have pinhead sized pits in the nails. In some cases, the nail may separates from the nail bed. There is no effective treatment for the nail problems of psoriasis.
  • Scalp psoriasis : This can occur alone, or in combination with psoriasis in other parts of the body. It may resemble like severe dandruff.
  • Guttate ('drop') psoriasis : This type of psoriasis occurs following a sore throat caused by a bacterium. The plaques of psoriasis will be small (less than 1 cm) but occur over many areas of the body. It normally lasts a few weeks, and then fades away. It may never return. But, if you have an episode of guttate psoriasis, you have a higher than usual chance of developing common plaque psoriasis at a later stage.
  • Other kind of psoriasis : Such as pustular psoriasis or 'erythroderma' are uncommon.
Other problems of psoriasis
  • Psoriasis can be itchy, but does not usually cause much discomfort.
  • About 1 in 10 people with psoriasis also develop inflammation and pains in some joints (arthritis). This is called psoriatic arthropathy, cause is unknown.
  • The main problem is the unsightly appearance of the rash.
  • Some people become quite anxious or depressed due to their psoriasis.

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Dermacare offers wide range of dermatological services and comprehensive care for various skin problems.