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Atopic Dermatitis(Eczema)


Atopic dermatitis is a long-lasting (chronic) skin problem. It causes skin dry, intense itching, and then a red, raised rash. In severe cases, the rash forms clear, fluid-filled blisters and it is contagious.. It is most common in babies and children. Some children with atopic dermatitis outgrow it or have milder cases as they get older. You may also get atopic dermatitis as an adult. Atopic dermatitis is sometimes called eczema or atopic eczema. But atopic dermatitis is only one of many types of eczema.

  • It's a inflammation of the skin'.
  • People with atopic eczema have an increased chance of developing other 'atopic' conditions such as asthma and hay fever.
  • Not contiguous.
  • Cause is unknown
  • Cells of the immune system release chemicals under the skin surface which causes the inflammation.
  • Genetic (hereditary) factors play a part
  • Atopic eczema occurs in about 8 in 10 children where both parents has the condition and in about 6 in 10 children where one parent has the condition.
  • Changes in climate and pollution
  • Allergic to house dust, mite or pollens, diet, infections, or other 'early-life factors'.
Atopic dermatitis Aggravates due to:
  • Stress
  • Certain foods, such as eggs, peanuts, milk, wheat, or soy products.
  • Allergens, such as dust mites or animal dander.
  • Harsh soaps or detergents.
  • Weather changes, especially dry and cold.
  • Skin infection.
  • Dry Skin
  • Skin inflammation and red rash
  • The most common areas affected are elbows and wrists, backs of knees, and around the neck.
  • Face is a commonly affected in babies.
  • Inflamed skin is itchy.
  • Sometimes the inflamed areas of skin become blistered and weepy.
  • Sometimes inflamed areas of skin become infected.
  • As a rule, inflamed areas of skin tend to 'flare-up' from time to time, and then tend to settle down. The severity and duration of 'flare-ups' varies from person to person, and from time to time in the same person.
  • In mild cases, a flare up may cause just one or two small, mild patches of inflammation. Often these are behind the knees, or in front of elbows or wrists. Flare-ups may occur only 'now and then'.
  • In severe cases the flare-ups can last several weeks or more, and cover many areas of skin. This can cause great distress.

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